Author: Philip Butson

Revised Pharmaceutical Auditing monograph published

The quality of medicinal products results from the sum of many activities. End product testing alone is not sufficient to ensure product quality; an overall pharmaceutical quality system is required that builds in the quality. Quality auditing is a key management tool for monitoring and evaluating compliance and the delivery of the pharmaceutical quality system objectives, for driving continual improvement as well as assuring patient safety.

The PQG Pharmaceutical Auditing monograph has been extensively revised and expanded to reflect current regulatory requirements and changes in audit practices arising from developments in information and communications technology and Covid-19 pandemic experiences.

Given that the outcome of an audit depends on both the auditor and auditee, this monograph seeks to equip auditees in addition to being a valuable tool for auditors.  It also covers audit programme management.

The new monograph is available in both printed (A5 wire bound) and electronic (interactive .PDF) versions.  Whichever format you prefer, purchase your copy now from the PQG Shop.  PQG members receive a 20% discount on the base price, so (join first if you need to and) remember to log in as a member before making your purchase.

For optimal functionality it is best to use a PDF Reader for the interactive version, but it also works in a web browser.

IPEC Position Paper on Excipients GMP standards and guides

IPEC have issued a position paper outlining the content and purpose of three documents* addressing GMP requirements for excipients and the role that each can play in the implementation of appropriate GMP in the QMS of an excipient manufacturer.  This will be helpful to those involved in both the manufacture of pharmaceutical excipients and the assurance of excipient quality within pharmaceutical manufacturers.  The paper may be found here

*1. The International Pharmaceutical Excipients Council & The Pharmaceutical Quality Group: The Joint Good Manufacturing Practices Guide for Pharmaceutical Excipients;
2. EXCiPACT™ Certification Standards for Pharmaceutical Excipient Suppliers, GMP Annex;
3. NSF/IPEC/ANSI 363, Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) for Pharmaceutical Excipients, American National Standard (ANSI 363).

Meeting report: Trainee QP, Sponsors and QP CPD meeting, 30-Jun-2020

Our very first virtual event was held on 30th June, dedicated to our QPs, Trainee QP and Sponsors. The event was held using the “WebEx Training” platform and limited to 30 attendees. The attendees varied in background and experience, from those who are training to become a QP to others who had decades of experience as QP and were using the event as a continuous development opportunity. The event kicked off with a comprehensive Pharmaceutical Regulatory and Legislative update by Pete Gough (Vice President, NSF). The use of “WebEx Training” then enabled us to split the attendees in 6 small virtual breakout groups to practice Viva type questions providing attendees with the opportunity to discuss several scenarios, share their experience and verbalise their answers. David Moulding (Registration Standards Specialist, RSC) then gave an overview of the application process for QP Eligibility, covering also some aspects related to the current Covid-19 pandemic situation.

Many thanks to all the speakers, facilitators and attendees.  The extremely positive feedback received will help us to shape future virtual events – watch out for a new “trainee QP Day” later in the year!

A link to where Pete Gough’s presentation can be downloaded and a copy of David Moulding’s presentation are now available on the PQG meetings page in the members only area.

New monograph: GDP for Active Substances

If medicinal products are to be of the quality consumers and regulators expect, then the active substances within them need to be manufactured in accordance with Good Manufacturing Practice and their quality and integrity maintained throughout the supply chain through the application of Good Distribution Practice (GDP).

In Europe, the Falsified Medicines Directive (2011/62/EU) amended Directive 2001/83/EC to introduce legal requirements relating to the manufacture, importation and distribution of active substances. Subsequently, in March 2015, the European Commission published its ‘Guidelines on principles of Good Distribution Practice of active substances for medicinal products for human use’ (2015/C 95/01).

Having collaborated to produce a well-received monograph on GDP for medicinal products (revised PQG monograph 4, 2018), the Pharmaceutical Quality Group of the Chartered Quality Institute (PQG) and the ECA Foundation GDP Association (ECA) received several requests for similar guidance on the interpretation and implementation of the regulatory expectations of GDP for active substances. This led to the formation of a small working group and we are delighted to share the news that this has now resulted in the publication of a new monograph (PQG monograph 13).

The new monograph is built around the format and text of the 2015/C 95/01 guideline (presented in blue text) with guidance (black text) provided by experts drawn from the membership of both PQG and ECA. Where appropriate, text from the medicinal product GDP monograph has been reused as many of the same good practices apply to both products and active substances. However, the monograph also reflects the fact the regulatory guidelines for active substances are less detailed and that a risk-based approach allows for some differences. Although based on the European guideline, the advice is relevant to all geographical regions given that today’s pharmaceutical supply chains are frequently global with many distribution steps through which quality needs to be maintained.

This new monograph, which is now available from the PQG Shop, provides a sound basis for the implementation and maintenance of a GDP quality system for active substances with clear responsibilities and processes and the application of risk management principles. It will be of benefit to all involved in active substance distribution activities for initial training, continuing professional development and as a reference source or audit tool.

Thanks to the following for providing their time and expertise to produce this new monograph:
Philip Butson, Prabjeet Dulai, Martin Egger, Afshin Hosseiny, Denise Hosseiny, Saddam Huq, Sue Mann, Stephen Mitchell, Steve Moss, Wolfgang Schmitt and Neil Wayman

Extension to deadline for Nitrosamines risk assessments

A number of recalls have occurred in the last two years following the finding of nitrosamine impurities in medicinal products, firstly the ‘sartans’ and then other products, notably ranitidine.  This has led to enhanced regulatory agency and pharmaceutical industry action to assess and manage the risks.  In Europe, a key element of this was the issue in Sep-2019 of EMA’s ‘Information on nitrosamines for marketing authorisation holders’ which, in addition to providing useful information on the potential sources of nitrosamine impurities, contains a request from the CHMP for all marketing authorisation holders (MAH) of human medicines containing chemically synthesised active substances to review their medicines for the possible presence of nitrosamines and to test all products at risk.  A three-step process was outlined: Risk Evaluation – Confirmatory Testing – Changes to Marketing Authorisation.

The original requirement was for the first step of Risk Evaluation to be completed by 26-Mar-2020.  It has now been announced that, following reports of the challenges encountered in meeting the original deadline which have been compounded by the impact of the severe restrictions in place to combat the Covid-19 pandemic, this date has been extended to 01-Oct-2020.

MAH should still inform national competent authorities as soon as possible if tests confirm the presence of nitrosamine, irrespective of the amount detected. They should also assess the immediate risk to patients and take appropriate action to avoid or minimise the exposure of patients to nitrosamines.

MHRA Covid-19 collection and GxP inspections news release UPDATED

The MHRA have created a collection on their website for information related to Covid-19.  Of particular interest to members will be information about clinical trials and MHRA services.  The collection may be found here.

Separately, MHRA have issued a news release about the impact of Covid-19 on GxP inspections.  The headline message is that MHRA will only be conducting essential inspections, but expect organisations to maintain GxP compliance.  They will support the industry and NHS to focus on service continuity by using alternative approaches for routine regulatory oversight, such as office-based assessment and the sharing of information within the international regulatory network.  The news release about GxP inspections may be found here.

UPDATE 23-Mar: For more information about inspections during the Covid-19 outbreak, see the latest MHRA Inspectorate Blog here.

Making Pharmaceuticals postponed

With the ongoing Covid-19 situation, the organisers of Making Pharmaceuticals have reluctantly decided not to go ahead with the rearranged dates of 26/27 October 2020, but will now not hold a physical event at the Ricoh Arena until July 2021.  However, a series of webinars will now be arranged.  Keep an eye on the Making Pharmaceuticals website for further details.  PQG will plan to attend the new dates and are looking into options for presenting webinars.


Draft EU GMP Annex 21: Importation issued for consultation

The European Commission has published the long-awaited draft Annex 21 on Importation of medicinal products. This is now open for stakeholder consultation until 20-Jun-2020. If you would like to feed comments in via PQG, then please email by end April.

The document is only short (140 lines). It focusses on the action of physically bringing product from outside the EEA/EU into the customs territory of an EU/EEA state. Imported dosage forms and intermediates which undergo further manufacturing operations are included within scope. Medicinal products which enter EU/EEA for export only and which are not processed or released for the EU/EEA market are out of scope. It is not explicit about whether Investigational Medicinal Products are in scope or not, but there is reference in one place to the Clinical Trial Authorisation. Responsibilities of the Marketing Authorisation Holder, Manufacturing/Importation Authorisation Holder and the Qualified Person are highlighted.

Welcome to the new PQG website

Welcome to the new PQG website!

We are excited about this development which we hope is a step towards making the site an even more valuable resource for our members.  The site is now adaptable to optimise usage whether you are on a PC, tablet or phone.  The new Blog functionality and interfaces with social media accounts will mean that the content is far more dynamic than in the past.  The key features from the old site are still there, so please check out the Shop and the Events page.

Many thanks to Lloyd and Tom at Futuresys for their work on this and special thanks to Sarah, the PQG administrator, who has been very busy testing the functionality and populating the pages.